Mosquito bites, while posing a number of life threatening diseases thanks to the parasites carried by these insects, create a far more pressing condition for many people who suffer mosquito bites. Here’s how it works: mosquitoes feed off human blood (usually between dawn and dusk when most people are asleep), using their elongated mouths referred to as the proboscis. The mosquitoes are able to identify their victims through the presence of carbon dioxide that is breathed out alongside a number of chemical compounds in one’s sweat excretion. Most people are not able to immediately tell as a mosquito is biting, but the effects later are not only irritating, they also cause great discomfort.

mosquitos

Mosquito bites manifest through an array of symptoms. These range from intense itchiness at the point of the bite, visible swelling, red patches of skin rashes and bruising. For those who suffer mosquito bites allergy, this might result in a skin infection. Mosquito bites can also be fatal as they cause malaria, zika and dengue fever in different parts of the world. While you can take measures to reduce the risks of mosquito bites, it helps to know what natural remedies are available for you. This works to provide quick relief as well as treat the skin affected by the bite.


1. Onion or Garlic Paste:

Time Required: 20 Min
What You Need: 2 Cloves of garlic or half small-sized onion, pestle and mortar, gauze and warm water to rinse.
Difficulty: Easy

 

Onions and garlic are recommended for the natural treatment of mosquito bites thanks to their ability to ease the swelling and offer relief from the itching. The healing properties of both kitchen condiments can be traced back to the presence of sulfur. Lastly, the pungent smell that is characteristic of onion and garlic helps to keep mosquitoes (and other insects) at bay. Use this remedy when you need a preventive measure as well.

Directions:

  1. Peel and chop the onion or garlic.
  2. Crush the chopped pieces using a pestle and mortar so that you have a fine paste which you can apply on the skin.
  3. Once applied on the skin, wrap the paste with gauze to hold it in place for 15 minutes.
  4. Rinse the skin with warm water after 15 minutes.
  5. Use this remedy severally daily, and especially before bedtime to ward off the mosquitoes.

 


2. Aloe Vera:

Time Required: 20 Min
What You Need: Fresh aloe vera leaf and 5 ice cubes. Commercial aloe vera gel (optional).
Difficulty: Easy

 

Aloe vera is a perfect remedy for just about any skin infection, thanks to its natural healing properties. As a strong antiseptic, the gel is able to treat potential allergic reactions. The plant’s gel also has a soothing effect when applied to the skin, a factor which helps reduce the pain and eliminate the swelling. Overall, the application of the gel enhances the healing process, allowing you to recover faster. In the absence of the gel, you may use aloe vera gel available from the stores.

Directions:

  1. Chop off a part of the leaf to expose the inner and meaty part of it. This is key because it allows you to collect enough gel.
  2. Collect the gel in the bowl and then proceed to place the ice cubes below the bowl to chill the gel for 15 minutes.
  3. Apply the gel on the affected skin.
  4. Repeat this remedy severally for faster healing.

 


3. Ice Pack:

Time Required: 15 Min
What You Need: 5 Ice cubes and a clean washcloth. Alternatively, use a pack of frozen vegetables.
Difficulty: Easy

 

Sometimes all you need to ease the pain and get relief from mosquito bites is as simple as a pack of ice. The low temperatures numb the area bitten by the skin, thus helping you deal with the itchiness while constricting the spread of the inflammatory compounds across the bite site. If you need quick relief immediately after a mosquito bite, this is the go-to remedy.
NOTE that a washcloth is used to wrap the ice cubes to prevent direct contact with the skin as this often leads to frostbites.

Directions:

  1. Take the ice cubes and place them on the washcloth.
  2. Wrap the cloth around the cubes to allow you massage the affected skin area with ease.
  3. Do this for about 10 minutes whenever you feel the need to.
  4. You may also use a pack of frozen vegetables in place of the ice.

 


4. Fresh Lemon Juice:

Time Required: 10 Min
What You Need: Fresh lemon. Fresh basil leaves (optional).
Difficulty: Easy

 

Fresh lemon is used to treat mosquito bites because it is packed with anti-inflammatory compounds. When the fresh lemon juice is rubbed on the skin, these compounds are released and help reduce the intensity of the inflammatory response. The lemon also has a soothing effect on the skin, providing much-needed relief from the irritation caused by the skin bite. You may add fresh basil leaves to enhance the healing effects of this home remedy as the leaves are packed with soothing properties.

Directions:

  1. Clean the lemon and cut it into halves.
  2. Rub the lemon onto the affected skin to ease the itch. Alternatively, squeeze the juice and rub the rind in the same way.
  3. If you choose to use the basil leaves, squeeze the lemon juice and proceed to add the crushed leaves.
  4. Apply and leave the remedy on for 15 minutes.
  5. Use the remedy twice daily for best results.

 


5. Rubbing Alcohol:

Time Required: 10 Min
What You Need: Rubbing alcohol and sterile cotton wool. Mouth wash (optional).
Difficulty: Easy

 

Rubbing alcohol, commonly referred to as Isopropyl alcohol (IPA), is a popular home remedy for a wide array of conditions. This is because it provides relief in the affected skin. While it may cause a stinging sensation, it does work in the long run. It is particularly effective for the reduction of the swelling. You may use mouthwash in place of the rubbing alcohol as it also contains high amounts of alcohol.

Directions:

  1. Soak the cotton wool in the rubbing alcohol.
  2. Rub the alcohol on the affected skin for 5 minutes and leave on the skin.
  3. Use the remedy thrice daily for quick relief.

 


6. Salty Water:

Time Required: 20 Min
What You Need: Warm water and 1/2 a teaspoon of salt.
Difficulty: Easy

 

Salt’s antiseptic properties make it a suitable remedy for the treatment of mosquito bites. The salt helps clean the bite area while keeping off infections. This is particularly important for those whose skin is allergic to the mosquito bite. The salt, just like the lemon juice, will create a stinging sensation. This, however, eases after a couple of minutes to allow the healing properties set in. Take care not to use too much salt as this could easily lead to extremely dry skin.

Directions:

  1. Add some water to the salt and create a paste.
  2. Simply apply the paste to the affected skin and allow to dry.
  3. Do this thrice daily for best results.

 


7. Baking Soda:

Time Required: 20 Min
What You Need: 1/2 Tablespoon of baking soda, a glass of warm water and a clean towel.
Difficulty: Easy

 

Baking soda is an effective solution to the irritation caused by mosquito bites. The mode of action of this home remedy is its alkaline nature that helps lower the altered pH of the affected skin. The result is quick relief from the pain and a soothing sensation. This is a very simple remedy, and which you should take full advantage of as baking soda is a common kitchen ingredient.

Directions:

  1. Place the baking soda in a glass and add the water.
  2. Stir to dissolve well.
  3. Soak the clean cloth on the affected skin before placing it on the bite area and leaving for 20 minutes.
  4. Use the remedy 3 times daily or more often if required.

 


8. Peppermint Toothpaste:

Time Required: 5 Min
What You Need: A dollop of peppermint toothpaste.
Difficulty: Easy

 

Toothpaste is a gentle yet effective home remedy for the treatment of mosquito bites. All you need is a dollop of the toothpaste to get the itching and irritation under control. Peppermint toothpaste is your best bet, thanks to its anti-inflammatory properties. Note that for this remedy, you must avid using gel toothpaste as it could easily worsen the condition. If possible, you should also look out for gel that contains baking soda and menthol in its makeup.

Directions:

  1. Simply apply the toothpaste and allow it to dry on the skin for quick healing.

 


9. Tea Tree Oil:

Time Required: 5 Min
What You Need: A few drops of tea tree oil and cotton wool. Choice carrier oil such as lavender oil or cedar oil.
Difficulty: Easy

 

Most infections and insect bites respond to tea tree oil pretty fast, thanks to its potent antiseptic properties. Its healing properties also allow for a decrease in the rate of swelling while treating the intense skin itchiness. Note that this remedy is not ideal for those with sensitive skin as it can cause further skin irritation.

Directions:

  1. Place a few drops of the tea tree oil on the cotton wool.
  2. Dab the cotton wool on the affected skin and massage for 2 minutes.
  3. You may add the carrier oils to dilute the oil.

 


A cold bath without the use of soap also works well for most people. In addition to the aforementioned home remedies, there are also preventive measures that you can take to reduce the risk of mosquito bites. Make sure you wear protective clothing, preferably clothes that cover your hands and legs. The elimination of stagnant water from your surroundings also helps get rid of the egg-laying mosquitoes. Other practical measures that you can take include home repair to seal holes in the ceiling and windows as well as using mosquito repellents. Lastly, note that if the symptoms do not subside, and worsen to include fever and chills, it becomes a medical emergency; make sure you get a medical appointment.